Europe weather: Cold and unsettled conditions forecast
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Europe recorded its second warmest July on record this year prompting ferocious infernos during the severe fire season. Wildfires have been more frequent across Europe with experts linking these flames to record levels of heat. Europe is likely to see temperatures soar to hit scorching levels of 47C to 49C over the coming week, according to the latest heatwave maps.
Wildfires have rampaged through Turkey, Greece and Italy over the summer leading to thousands of evacuations and deaths.
In Greece, blazes have hit the Peloponnese peninsula causing incalculable damage and the island of Evia.
The fires which have broken out in Greece took place during the country’s worst heatwave in three decades last week.
Temperatures soared and the dry heat created tinder box conditions prompting the eruption of wildfires.
Turkey has also been hit particularly hard by wildfires in 2021 as a result of extreme heat.
According to the European Forest Fire Information System, the scale of the fires across Turkey, Greece and Italy had already burned more than the annual average by August 9.
Portugal and Spain are both at high risk of wildfires, but have not been as badly impacted compared to these other nations.
As of August 10, the total areas burned by fires in 2021 so far are as follows (according to the EFFIS):
- Turkey: 175,773 hectares
- Greece: 107,117 hectares
- Italy: 103,636 hectares
- Spain: 38,958 hectares
- Portugal: 15,020 hectares.
The areas listed above related to regions larger than 30 hectares burned by the fires – where on average around 80 percent of the total area has been burned by wildfires.
These wildfires are deemed to be a byproduct of rising temperatures caused by climate change.
The extreme weather has made 2021 a particularly bad year for these incessant flames.
France and Spain experienced around 200 weekly wildfires during July, compared with a respective average of 38 and 81 in the preceding 12 years.
Europe is currently in the midst of its worst heatwave in a decade due to a heat dome.
A heat dome is a high-pressure bubble which traps heat within a certain area.
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This heat dome has caused temperatures to skyrocket to hit above 40C in many parts of southern Europe, generating the perfect conditions for wildfires to develop and run rampant.
According to weather forecaster WX Charts, parts of the continent could surge to hit 49C this week.
The forecaster’s temperature map reveals parts of Europe could hit 49C on Friday at midday.
Predominantly the map reveals deep red levels of heat across southern parts of Europe, with parts of Spain and Portugal seeing the hottest temperatures.
Temperature maps reveal scorching heat of up to 47C likely throughout the rest of the weekend and next week particularly across southern European countries such as Spain.
Weather forecaster Windy.com’s temperature map shows temperatures likely to hit 45C in parts of Spain on Sunday afternoon.
The maps show much of southern Europe lit up with a fiery red colour indicating hot temperatures of 35C and above from midday home days from Wednesday until Friday, August 20.
Severe-weather.eu predicts the massive heat dome to lock in the hot temperatures across southern parts of Europe, centred over the Mediterranean for the coming week.
As a result, scorching hot temperatures will impact many countries with Italy, Malta and Greece impacted during mid-week, before temperatures intensify over the weekend in Spain and Portugal.
Temperatures will peak at 46C according to the forecaster with ongoing drought conditions increasing the wildfire threat.
This week, a developing blocking weather pattern across southern Europe is forecast to be a part of the newly developed heat dome and is expected to extend across a period of at least seven to 10 days, possibly even longer.
The highest temperatures will be observed across much of the Balkan peninsula and Turkey from Monday to Wednesday – before surges over the weekend in Spain and Portugal.
On Saturday, a frontal system will travel from western and central Europe, with stable weather to the south across the Mediterranean.
While the front brought quite some rain and also severe weather from France to Germany, the Alps, and farther east, very dry conditions remain across southern Europe.
Weather charts from several forecasters reveal a powerful blocking pattern is due to establish across the Mediterranean, gradually expanding towards central Europe, the Iberian peninsula and the Balkan peninsula.
A large ridge will create a heat dome and lead to another long-lasting heatwave.
Very dry heat is also expected advecting air mass from the African desert farther south.
This will lead to extremely hot temperatures of potentially more than 45C in some areas.
The highest temperatures are then expected over the weekend, on both days as the heatwave peaks over southwestern Europe which will be pushed to around 42C to 44C across southern Portugal, even worse is southern Spain.
The scorching temperatures are then forecast to return to parts of Greece, Albania and North Macedonia from next Tuesday to Thursday
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